44 Super-Nutritious Varieties for Your Garden

What are some of the most nutritious fruits and vegetables to plant in your home garden?

| March / April 2018

  • Author Jo Robinson enjoys putting her research into action by gardening nutritionally rich fruits and vegetables for a healthy diet.
    Photo by Jo Robinson
  • Alliums include garlic, onions, and shallots and provide health benefits like antioxidants, anthocyanins, and quercetin.
    Photo by Getty Images/ClarkandCompany
  • There are so many different kinds of apples, so be sure to choose varieties that will provide you with plenty of phytonutrients.
    Photo by Getty Images/ansonmiao
  • For maximum sweetness and health benefits, eat asparagus, such as ‘Purple Passion’ pictured here, within one day of harvest.
    Photo by Jo Robinson
  • ‘Sweet Charlie’ strawberry is higher in antioxidants than most other strawberries and is ready to harvest mid-season.
    Photo by Jo Robinson
  • The 'Cosmic Purple' carrot has a purple exterior and orange core.
    Photo by Rare Seeds.com
  • For more nutritious corn, choose color varieties other than yellow and white, like red.
    Photo by Getty Images/nazdravie
  • ‘Grafitti’ cauliflower is a large-headed, purple variety rich in anthocyanins and cancer-fighting glucosinolates.
    Photo by Jo Robinson
  • Grapes, like 'Concord' and 'Glenora' both provide possible health benefits and high nutrition.
    Photo by Getty Images/Image Source
  • Try purple, blue, or red potatoes for added nutrients and for a new food to add to your meals.
    Photo by Getty Images/MonaMakela
  • 'Lollo Rosso' lettuce is one of the top 10 varieties of salad greens for most healthful choice.
    Photo by Rare Seeds.com
  • Harvest 'Indigo Rose' tomatoes once their bottoms turn red.
    Photo by Getty Images/eag1e

Home gardeners enjoy the benefit of planting their own choice of crops. Take more advantage of that by choosing fruit and vegetable varieties that are packed with nutrients and health benefits.

Learn more about comparing fruit and vegetable varieties in “Most Nutritious Crop Varieties.”


• ‘Spanish Roja’ garlic, like all garlic varieties, is a source of allicin, which can reduce the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease. This hardneck garlic is intense and spicy.

• ‘Southport Red Globe’ onion is an heirloom and excellent keeper that provides anthocyanins and quercetin.

• ‘Bonilla’ shallot provides, as all shallots do, more antioxidants than onions. Grow from seed and harvest the same year.


• ‘Akane’ is rich in phytonutrients. This Japanese variety is disease-resistant and a satisfying blend of sweet and tart.

3/27/2018 4:22:34 PM

Yes, I agree with Gary! This sounds amazing! Can you please recommend sites, stores, or nurseries that offer these varieties?

3/11/2018 7:15:45 PM

Full of good info - love the many choices offered and compared - want to learn more! Kathryn

3/3/2018 4:57:57 PM

Good article, but I can't find a supplier for most varieties you listed. Are you able to list places to purchase seds, plants or trees listed?

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