The Science of Mindfulness

Understand the science behind the art and practice of mindfulness and the positive effects it has on helping to keep the brain healthy.

| September 2018

  • Woman practicing mindfulness
    Mindfulness reduces stress and encourages relaxation — this, in turn, reduces harmful stress hormones, which produce inflammation in the body.
    Photo by Getty/Filippo Bacci
  • book cover
    “Mindfulness for Children” by Tracy L. Daniel is a guide for introducing practices of mindfulness to children so they can learn to reduce stress, regulate behavior and emotions, and develop a positive self-image.
    Cover courtesy Simon and Schuster

  • Woman practicing mindfulness
  • book cover

Mindfulness for Children (Simon and Schuster, 2018) by Tracy L. Daniel is a guide for explaining and practicing the art of being present and the positive benefits for children learning to be mindful. Learning mindfulness enables children to deal with their emotions in a balanced healthy way. Daniel explains the science of mindfulness along with strategies and practices easy for teaching children that are simple, inexpensive, and not time-consuming.

The Science of Mindfulness

How does mindfulness work, in scientific terms? Can it actually change the brain and the way you react to situations? The answer is yes. In recent years, there has been an explosion of research showing that mindfulness practice can change the function and the structure of the brain. Science even demonstrates which parts of the brain are affected by mindfulness practice and how these amazing changes can benefit our minds and bodies. Here are some ways that mindfulness impacts your brain, and subsequently your well-being:

Mindfulness can change the brain for the better.

Recent studies using brain- imaging techniques have shown positive changes in brain structure and activity after participation in mindfulness practices. The images indicated greater blood flow and a thickening of the cerebral cortex in areas linked with attention and emotions. The research has also shown that the changes in participants' brains corresponded to the number of hours they spent practicing mindfulness. The more they practiced, the more the brain changed. The brain's ability to adapt is called neuroplasticity, meaning the brain has pliability and can change with experience. A consistent practice of mindfulness can create new pathways in the brain, resulting in improved mental health, physical health, and well-being.

Mindfulness keeps our brains young.

Sara Lazar, a neuroscientist at Harvard Medical School, found that mindfulness can keep your brain from shrinking as you age. Research demonstrates that the cortex shrinks as you age, but the prefrontal cortex of fifty-year-old mindfulness practitioners had the same amount of gray matter as those who were twenty-five years old. Furthermore, this was true for individuals who had been practicing mindfulness for only eight weeks. Just imagine the benefits that children's brains are receiving by learning a mindfulness practice early in life!

Mindfulness increases resiliency.

Electrical changes have been noted in the left frontal portion of the brain following mindfulness training, which scientists believe is linked to enhanced resilience. Resilience is the ability to cope in challenging situations and bounce back from adversity. Mindful children can deal with difficult emotions without shutting down and are able to bounce back quicker from disappointment.

Mindfulness can be a valuable addition to many traditional treatment plans.

Mindfulness has been shown to grow gray matter in regions of the brain that are responsible for higher-level cognitive skills, also known as executive functioning. A study at the UCLA Mindful Awareness Research Center (MARC) found that adolescents with attentional problems demonstrated improved executive function after participation in mindfulness classes.

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