Designed around a large, people-friendly kitchen area, this passive solar home in Asheville, North Carolina, really shines.
South-facing floor-to-ceiling living room windows bring daylight deep into the house and blur the distinction between outside and in. Flowers planted at the base of the windows can be enjoyed from the comfort of indoors.
Of all of the fond memories of his childhood home, designed and built by his architect dad, Chris Larson remembers the kitchen area the most. “The informal-style dining room table was not quite in the kitchen, nor entirely out of it either,” he says. “Near the table were a love seat and a comfy overstuffed chair. And no matter how nice the rest of the house was, most activity took place in that kitchen and the hang-out zone near it.”
Chris built a home for his own family (wife Mary Ann Watjen and daughter Haley) in Asheville, North Carolina, that suggests he inherited his dad’s design sense. For his own home, Chris, who also is an architect, had free reign to play with his two guiding principles—“sociable architecture” and natural forms—when designing the cozy 2,700-square-foot, four-bedroom, three-and-a-half bath passive solar home.
The sociable kitchen
Throughout his career, Chris has been intrigued by the home kitchen’s gravitational pull. “People would leave the comfortable living room sofa and opt for standing and talking in the kitchen,” he says. “So if folks are that determined to hang out there, I decided to focus on how the kitchen could be designed to enhance comfort.”
The Larsons’ “sociable kitchen” is a triangle that includes the kitchen, dining room and living room area, without dividing walls. “This allows space, view and light to flow freely,” Chris says. “Instead of looking out a window over a kitchen sink, we look across open space to windows and the view beyond. Even while cooking in the kitchen, we can still observe and feel we are part of the outside. We can see across the living area to the fireplace that adds to the warmth of the kitchen.”
At one end of the range and sink islands, an open space accommodates a small table that seats three or four. This serves as a convenient place for quick meals or for Haley to do homework (with help from whichever parent is cooking). Attached to the backside of the two islands, storage shelves create a “kitchen” feeling, keep everyday utensils handy and provide a screen that distinguishes the kitchen from the living room area.
A small sofa adjacent to the table allows guests to get comfortable and carry on conversation, yet be out of the way while the Larsons cook. “This kitchen was designed to promote that intimate social interaction,” Chris says.
To build the islands, cabinetry and shelves in the kitchen, Chris located recycled wood—oak, chestnut oak and heart pine—from 100-year-old barns a local cabinetmaker tore down. Chris also was able to save money on the granite countertops by buying slabs left over from larger jobs.
The patio off the kitchen is convenient for al fresco dining and adds to the living and socializing space. The gentle sound of Whisper Creek wandering through a quarter of woodland adds to the relaxing ambiance.
Heating and cooling naturally
The home’s backside and carport are bermed 8 feet deep into a south-facing slope. This way, “the house becomes an extension of the landscape, growing from what’s already there, rather than imposing upon it,” Chris says. Berming the living area into the earth also contributes to the home’s energy efficiency.
At the front of the house, south-facing floor-to-ceiling windows in the living room and kitchen bring daylight deep inside. In addition to the solar benefit, the large expanse of windows blurs the distinction between inside and out. The flower gardens planted at the base of the windows become a part of the living room area.
The second-floor wooden deck shields the sun’s light in summer, yet allows maximum winter sun to enter the home. Interior windows placed between rooms allow the winter sun’s heat to flow throughout the house. A concrete floor stores heat then releases it during the night, and conceals tubing for radiant baseboard heat.
Rather than paying more for finished tile flooring, Chris chose to finish a less-expensive concrete floor himself. “Because I had never scored or stained concrete, it was a learning process that took time and patience,” Chris says. “I experimented for two days to achieve the effect I wanted before I applied it to the entire floor. That process took another two weeks.” While happy with his results, he cautions beginners to start in an area where mistakes may not be noticeable. “I began in the laundry room, and by the time I got to the living room, I was a pro.”
The home’s strategically placed windows—35 feet from the highest to the lowest—cool the house naturally, pushing hot air out at the top and pulling cool air in at the bottom, without air conditioning. Ventilation fans on programmable switches and passive air inlets in strategic locations keep moisture levels low.
Living design lessons
The Larson home cost $130 per square foot to build in 2001; Chris estimates the same project would easily cost $175 to $200 per square foot today. While their home has $20,000 worth of windows, Chris and Mary Ann regret they had to scale back $75,000 worth of glass to work within their budget.
In addition to providing a great place to live, the home is an educational tool that helps Chris explain passive-solar and sociable- kitchen concepts to his clients. “A number of my clients have incorporated these ideas, to varying degrees, into their home plans,” he says. “Folks come here and get a direct sense of how a home ‘feels’ when it’s designed following the principles that guide me.”
A Conversation with the Homeowners
What do you love most about this house?
Chris: The passive solar design is energy efficient and connects us with nature. With the living area on the ground level and the floor-to-ceiling windows, we have a strong connection to the outdoors all year.
Mary Ann: What I love the most about living here is the warmth from the sun and the year-round quality of the light. With these huge windows I get to indulge in the change of seasons, really be a part of the transitions as they occur. I am just more tuned in to all of nature here than anywhere else I have lived.
What’s your favorite room?
Chris: For me, it’s the kitchen—I love hanging out on the kitchen sofa. When guests come over, it’s great fun for me to watch how well the kitchen design serves its dual purpose—getting good food to hungry visitors in fine style while promoting exchange and intimacy.
Mary Ann: My favorite room is the main space, especially the prow that faces toward the setting sun at winter solstice. I love being in the sociable kitchen with my family and friends. Often we never leave that space because it’s so welcoming, and that’s where the food and wine is!
What would you do differently?
Chris: I think I would have added a bump-out in the kitchen area for more sofa-type seating.
Mary Ann: I didn’t consider the impact of sleeping in a bedroom with huge windows and a lot of light from the moon! I like the idea of sleeping with the moon, but it wakes me up. We have not bothered with window treatments for any room but may have to consider shades for our bedroom.
What advice can you offer to new home builders?
Chris: Choose one or two areas and do the “green thing” just because it feels good—even if it doesn’t make complete sense financially. For example, nontoxic or low-VOC paint may cost a bit more than regular, but as a kindness to yourself and the environment, it’s priceless.
Mary Ann: Participate! Consider ways to be sustainable. Engage with the environment. Communicate to the land your gratitude for providing shelter, beauty and support.
The Good Stuff
• North side bermed into a slope, contributing to energy efficiency, less maintenance and conservative use of land
• South-facing floor-to-ceiling windows heat the house passively and bring daylight deep inside, reducing the need for electricity.
• Concrete flooring stores the winter sun’s heat and releases it at night.
• Home’s height and pyramid shape naturally cool air, eliminating need for air conditioning.
• Locally harvested southern yellow pine as interior trim
• Recycled materials, including barn siding, granite cutoffs, 1920s tile
• Nontoxic paints and varnishes throughout the interior
• Low-maintenance exterior finishes: fiber cement siding, stucco and a metal roof—all a light color to reflect summer sun
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