ORGANIC: Most certified-organic wine labels say “made with organic grapes,” which means at least 70 percent of the wine’s ingredients are grown without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. The wine maker also may add low levels of sulfite as a preservative.
BIODYNAMIC: The Demeter organization certifies that grapes are grown without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers and that the farm is managed as a living organism with a healthy, diverse ecosystem.
LIVE (LOW-INPUT VITICULTURE AND ENOLOGY): This internationally recognized program for sustainable certification in Oregon and Washington limits use of chemical pesticides and promotes species appropriate to local conditions, biodiversity, and reliance on beneficial insects and plants.
SALMON SAFE: This U.S. Northwest ecolabel means agricultural practices protect and restore waterways, allowing salmon to spawn and thrive. This certification comes with LIVE certification.
FAIR TRADE: Producers earn a living wage and grow grapes using environmentally sustainable practices.