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August/September 2008
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Boost Your Immunity with Gourmet Mushrooms


Chihara G.  1992.  Recent progress in immunopharmacology and therapeutic effects of polysaccharides.  Developments in Biological Standardization 77: 191-197.

Gao Y, Zhou S, Jiang W, Huang M, Dai X.  2003.  Effects of ganopoly (a Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide extract) on the immune functions in advanced-stage cancer patients.  Immunological Investigations 32(3): 201-215.

Gordon M, Bihari B, Goosby E, Gorter R, Greco M, Guralnik M, Mimura T, Rudinicki V, Wong R, Kaneko Y.  1998.  A placebo-controlled trial of the immune modulator, lentinan, in HIV-positive patients: a phase I/II trial.  Journal of Medicine 29(5-6): 305-330.

Hobbs C. 1995. Medicinal mushrooms, 3rd ed. Santa Cruz, CA: Botanica Press.

Kodama N, Komuta K, Nanba H.  2003.  Effect of Maitake (Grifola frondosa) D-Fraction on the activation of NK cells in cancer patients.  Journal of Medicinal Food 6(4): 371-377.

Kodama N, Komuta K, Nanba H.  2002.  Can maitake MD-fraction aid cancer patients?  Alternative Medicine Review 7(3): 236-239.

Kodama N, Komuta K, Sakai N, Nanba H.  2002.  Effects of D-Fraction, a polysaccharide from Grifola frondosa on tumor growth involve activation of NK cells.  Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 25(12): 1647-1650.

Matsuoka, H, Seo Y, Wakasugi H, Saito T, Tomoda H. 1997.  Lentinan potentiates immunity and prolongs the survival time of some patients.  Anticancer Research 17(4A): 2751-2755.

Mayell M. 2001.  Maitake extracts and their therapeutic potential.  Alternative Medicine Review 6(1): 48-60.

Minato K, Mizuno M, Terai H, Tsuchida H. 1999. Autolysis of lentinan, an antitumor polysaccharide, during storage of Lentinus edodes, shiitake mushroom. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47(4):1530-2.

Nakano H, Namatame, K, Nemoto, H, Motohashi, H, Nishiyama, K, Kumada, K. 1999. A multi-institutional prospective study of lentinan in advanced gastric cancer patients with unresectable and recurrent diseases: effect on prolongation of survival and improvement of quality of life.  Kanagawa Lentinan Research Group.  Hepatogastroenterology 46(28): 2662-2668.

Ng ML, Yap AT. 2002. Inhibition of human colon carcinoma development by lentinan from shiitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes).  Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 8(5): 581-589.

Sliva D.  2003.  Gandoderma lucidum (Reishi) in cancer treatment.  Integrative Cancer Therapies 2(4): 358-364.

Tari K, Satake I, Nakagomi K, Ozawa K, Oowada F, Higashi Y, Negishi T, Yamada T, Saito H, Yoshida K.  1994.  Effect of lentinan for advanced prostate carcinoma [Article in Japanese].  Yinyokika Kiyo, Acta Urologica Japonica 40(2): 119-123.

Wachtel-Galor S, Tomlinson B, Benzie IF.  2004.  Ganoderma lucidum (“Lingzhi”), a Chinese medicinal mushroom: biomarker responses in a controlled human supplementation study.  British Journal of Nutrition 91(2): 263-269.

Wachtel-Galor S, Szeto YT, Tomlinson B, Benzie IF.  2004.  Ganoderma lucidum (‘Lingzhi’); acute and short-term biomarker response to supplementation.  International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 55(1): 75-83.

Wan, K. 1998.  Effects of lentinan of peripheral blood mononuclear cell expression of interleukin-2 receptor in patients with chronic hepatitis B in vivo and in vitro [Article in Chinese].  Hunan Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao [Bulletin of Hunan Medical University] 23(1): 90-92.

Wasser SP. 2002. Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumor and immunomodulating polysaccharides. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 60(3): 258-274.

Fresh Clips: A Zinger for High Blood Pressure


Haji Faraji, M. and A. Haji Tarkhani (1999). "The effect of sour tea (Hibiscus sabdariffa) on essential hypertension." J Ethnopharmacol 65(3): 231-6.

Herrera-Arellano, A., S. Flores-Romero, et al. (2004). "Effectiveness and tolerability of a standardized extract from Hibiscus sabdariffa in patients with mild to moderate hypertension: a controlled and randomized clinical trial." Phytomedicine 11(5): 375-82.

Herrera-Arellano, A., J. Miranda-Sanchez, et al. (2007). "Clinical effects produced by a standardized herbal medicinal product of Hibiscus sabdariffa on patients with hypertension. A randomized, double-blind, lisinopril-controlled clinical trial." Planta Med 73(1): 6-12.

Fresh Clips: Garlic Protects Against Arsenic Poisoning


Chowdhury, R., Dutta, A., Chaudhuri, S.R., Sharma, et al., In vitro and in vivo reduction of sodium arsenite induced toxicity by aqueous garlic extract. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2008. 46:740-751.

Fresh Clips: Sage: You Must Remember This


Akhondzadeh, S. and S. H. Abbasi (2006). "Herbal medicine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease." Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 21(2): 113-8.

Eidi, M., A. Eidi, et al. (2006). "Effects of Salvia officinalis L. (sage) leaves on memory retention and its interaction with the cholinergic system in rats." Nutrition 22(3): 321-6.

Scholey, A. B., N. T. Tildesley, et al. (2008). "An extract of Salvia (sage) with anticholinesterase properties improves memory and attention in healthy older volunteers." Psychopharmacology (Berl) 198(1): 127-39.

Tildesley, N. T., D. O. Kennedy, et al. (2005). "Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers." Physiol Behav 83(5): 699-709.

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