History of Islamic Medicine and Herbal Remedies

Learn about the history of Islamic medicine, how it has influenced Western medicine and some natural herbal remedies used in the Middle East.

A depiction of Pedanius Dioscorides offering a plant, representing knowledge, to a student. Dioscorides was a first-century Greek physician whose book on plant medicine, De Materia Medica, was used for centuries in both Islam and Europe and is still quoted today. This ­illustration is from a thirteenth-century Ottoman copy of the Dioscorides work.
Illustration by Giraudon/Art Resource/Topkapi Palace Museum