History of Islamic Medicine and Herbal Remedies

Learn about the history of Islamic medicine, how it has influenced Western medicine and some natural herbal remedies used in the Middle East.

Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), from the ­encyclopedia De Universo by Rabanus Maurus. Mandrake was often given a human form because its roots forked into two. In Canon of Medicine, Ibn Sina lists mandrake as a pain reliever; today, it is considered a dangerous herb and Canadian ­regulations prohibit using mandrake in foods.
Illustration by A. M. Rosati/Art Resource/Library of the Abbey, Montecassino, Italy