The question of whether animals are sentient beings used to be a matter of debate. The cause of this debate may seem dubious to you if you’ve ever gotten to know an animal. Just about everyone I know who has ever had a pet or raised a farm animal knows darn well that animals have feelings and consciousness: They demonstrate those feelings in countless observable ways.
The question of animal consciousness is no longer the subject of serious scientific debate. In 2012, a group of scientists issued the “Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness,” which concluded that nonhuman animals have all of the neurological requirements to enable them to experience consciousness. According to Marc Bekoff, a pioneering cognitive ethologist and co-founder with Jane Goodall of the Ethologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, “The database of research on animal sentience is strong and rapidly growing. Scientists know that individuals from a wide variety of species experience emotions ranging from joy and happiness to deep sadness, grief and post-traumatic stress disorder.”
With this knowledge, the animal abuses suffered on factory farms seem all the more difficult to abide. Let’s use pigs as an example. Pigs have the same intelligence level as dogs. They’re naturally inquisitive, curious and mentally engaged. Yet in factory farms, pigs are housed by the thousands with zero access to sunlight, straw, fresh air or dirt. Sows grow and deliver piglets in cages so small they can’t turn their bodies around or, often, lie down. The list of abuses goes on, and one could make an equally awful list for every type of farm animal.
Factory farming may seem like a problem so big it’s impossible to tackle, but it’s a relatively recent phenomenon. According to the report Factory Farm Nation by the public interest organization Food & Water Watch, it’s been over just the last two decades that smaller farms have given way to factory farms: “Even a few decades ago, there were small- and medium-sized dairy, cattle and hog farms dispersed all across the country. Today, these operations are disappearing. The remaining operations are primarily large-scale factory farms...where thousands of animals on each farm can produce more sewage than most large cities, overwhelming the capacity of rural communities to cope with the environmental and public health burdens.”
If given the choice, I’m sure every one of us would fight legislation that permitted chopping off a cow’s tail or horns without painkillers, for example; but the legislation that has facilitated the growth of factory farms is wrapped in blander packaging. “The incredible growth of factory farming is the result of three key factors,” says the Factory Farm report, listing misguided farm policy; unchecked mergers and acquisitions between the largest meatpacking, poultry processing and dairy companies; and lax environmental rules and lackluster enforcement.
We can all do something to help reduce the suffering of animals on factory farms. One step is to keep our dollars from supporting them, whether by following a vegetarian or vegan diet or by only buying meat, eggs and dairy from well-raised animals. But we can also support groups that fight for animal welfare. We can demand that our politicians address the farm policies that encourage the growth of these operations and support political candidates who understand the important health and moral consequences of the commoditization of animal life. It’s up to us to be stewards of the earth, and protecting the animals that live here is an important part of that promise.
3 Things I Love This Issue...
1. A profile of a farm animal rights advocacy group
2. A feature showcasing some of the world’s healthiest herbs
3. A huge guide to choosing protein sources
Do you consider yourself an herbal brainiac? For instance, which herb is best for balancing blood sugar, or which is known for soothing the nervous system? Then test your knowledge of medicinal herbs in this fun quiz.
Smart sunglasses. We all know the sun's UV rays increase our risk of skin cancer, but the potential damage UV rays can do to our eyes is less publicized. Short-term excessive exposure to UV radiation can cause what is essentially sunburn to the eyes, according to the American Optometric Association, which includes short-term discomfort, light sensitivity and redness. Long-term exposure can lead to increased chance of developing cataracts or macular degeneration, as well as retinal damage. Choose sunglasses that block out 99 to 100 percent of UV-A and UV-B radiation and screen out 75 to 90 percent of visible light. Tens is an independent sunglasses company that makes sunglasses that protect the eyes from 100 percent of harmful rays, yet retains color quality. These filtering sunglasses work especially well for those with vision problems, especially degenerative eye diseases that affect light perception such as cone or rod dystrophy, as they help retain sharpness of vision while also protecting eyes. Order them at tenslife.com
The right sunscreen. While we're on the subject of UV rays, we may as well talk about sunscreen. Of course we all know that the sun's rays can increase our risk of skin cancer, but did you know many types of sunscreen contain worrisome ingredients such as oxybenzone, a hormone disruptor, and retinyl palmitate, a form of vitamin A linked to skin damage that may speed development of skin cancer? Any sunscreen you buy should use the active ingredients zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) estimates that more than half of sunscreens on the American market would not meet European health requirements. If in doubt, check your sunscreen with the EWG. Derma-E and Honest Company both make good, easy-to-find options.
Bug banisher. Mosquitoes and ticks are more than irritating--they also spread disease. But many of us aren't thrilled with slathering ourselves with the chemical DEET, which is used in most common bug repellents, so how to keep bugs at bay? Try a natural repellent such as Badger's Anti-Bug Shake & Spray, made with citronella, rosemary and wintergreen. Other good options include burning citronella candles or torches, or making your own mosquito traps. Find the low-cost instructions here.
A sweeter treat. We all know summer is the perfect time for ice cream. If you or someone in your family suffers from lactose intolerance, though, that indulgence often must be denied. Luna & Larry's Coconut Bliss changes all that. Lactose intolerant or not, every kid and adult will swoon over this delicious, coconut-based ice cream. Their ingredients are responsibly sourced, organic and free of dairy, soy and gluten. They are also (and most importantly) absolutely delicious. On top of that, they use sustainable practices in their manufacturing facility and headquarters. Basically, they're impossible not to love!
Cool drinks. Another summer craving is for cool and refreshing drinks. Unfortunately, most prepackaged drinks on the market contain lots of sugar, along with dyes and other synthetic additives. Instead, opt for a refreshing drink that can actually enhance your health. Rishi offers a wonderful Paradise Punch tea made up of organic pineapple, sarsaparilla root, mango, hibiscus, lemon verbena, orange peel, lemon peel and lime oil. It makes a sweet and refreshing iced tea.
Stellar summer skin care. One of my favorite products for summer skin care is witch hazel. All natural witch hazel is a great toner and it's the perfect way to refresh summer skin. It also acts as a good mosquito repellent, on its own or combined with essential oils such as peppermint or tea tree, and a great treatment to relieve itchy bug bites. T.N. Dickinson's is an easy-to-find brand free of artificial fragrances and dyes.
Are you cheery calendula, wise sage or romantic rosemary? Take our fun personality quiz below to find out!
A few months ago Bob’s Red Mill sent us a package of Almond Meal to try. Since last November, I’ve been trying to drastically limit/eliminate my consumption of refined grains and white sugar. While it’s difficult to be at absolute zero on these items and lead a normal life, getting close to zero has been easier than I anticipated. That said, my husband has a sweet tooth and I want my kid to be able to have chocolate chip cookies once in a while. (Oh, and yes, I too like chocolate chip cookies!)
The back of the flour bag had this wonderful-sounding recipe, and I had all the ingredients in my house (including dark chocolate chips in the freezer). I gave it a try and oh-my-gosh these cookies are amazing! No. 1 cookie priority: They are incredibly delicious. Like, didn’t last in the house for more than 24 hours delicious (maybe a little too delicious?).
Along with the incredible taste factor, though, these cookies are in the not-that-bad-for-you realm with no flour, coconut oil instead of vegetable oil or butter (not that I would ever dis butter) and pure maple syrup as the sweetener (and 1/4 cup rather than the whole cup many recipes call for). I don’t think I had the optional almond extract, which was totally fine. They do include a bit of sugar in the dark chocolate chips, but you could even go with cacao nibs and I think this recipe would be fabulous. The almond meal gives the cookies a crumbly and delicate texture, and they taste buttery and rich even without actual butter. And that combination of dark chocolate and salt is the way to my heart.
So if you are looking for a sweet treat that tastes completely indulgent yet is not too bad from a health aspect (I didn’t even go into the nutritional benefits of the almond meal—3 grams of fiber and 6 grams of protein per serving, plus a dose of healthy fats), I cannot encourage you enough to try these cookies.
One thing to keep in mind: At $11 a bag, almond meal is expensive—waaay more expensive than flour. But I justify the expense by considering that I rarely make home-baked goods, so when I’m going to splurge, I say go big.
• 3 cups almond meal
• 1 teaspoon baking soda
• 1/2 teaspoon sea salt
• 1/4 cup coconut oil
• 1/4 cup maple syrup
• 1 whole egg
• 2 egg whites
• 1 teaspoon vanilla extract (optional)
• 1/4 teaspoon almond extract (optional)
• 1 cup dark chocolate chips
• 1/2 cup toasted sliced almonds*
1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Line two baking sheets with parchment paper.
2. Combine almond meal, baking soda and sea salt and set aside.
3. Mix coconut oil and maple syrup in a mixer or by hand until creamy but not fully incorporated, about 5 minutes. Add whole egg, egg whites and extracts (if using) and mix for 2 additional minutes
4. Slowly add dry ingredients to egg mixture and mix briefly. Add chocolate chips and toasted almonds and mix until well combined.
5. Place large rounded tablespoons onto prepared baking sheets, about 1-inch apart. Flatten slightly, to approximately 1-inch thickness. Bake until set and golden, about 15 minutes. Makes 25 to 30 cookies.
*To toast almonds, simply add sliced almonds to a hot, dry pan and saute, stirring regularly until slightly browned and fragrant.
You might have noticed a sudden boom in subscription services for everything from razors to beauty samples. The reasons for this explosion in home-delivery services? First of all, getting essentials delivered directly to our doorsteps is the height of convenience. I’ve used the subscription service The Honest Company to receive monthly deliveries of biodegradable diapers since my child was born, and I love the convenience and quality. Second, shipping items directly to consumers actually requires significantly fewer resources than shipping to stores. Researchers at Carnegie Melon compared online and offline purchases and concluded that e-commerce produces 35 percent less CO2. Much of this is because inventory of e-commerce stock can be stored in low-energy and tightly packed warehouses, as opposed to high-energy stores. Also one delivery truck can deliver the same amount of product in 8 hours that would require 125 individual trips to the store—almost all of them in a car. Finally, you can get exactly what you want, regardless of whether a chain store manager decides to carry it.
For all of these great reasons, we at Mother Earth Living have partnered with ePantry, a delivery service that sends eco-friendly cleaning supplies and household essentials to your doorstep. ePantry’s selection includes a huge variety of cleaning products from Mrs. Meyer’s and Method, recycled toilet paper from brands such as Green Forest, recycled toothbrushes and cleaning tools from Preserve, body care from brands such as YesTo and more. First you fill out a questionnaire about your household, which establishes the amount of basic products ePantry thinks you’ll need. Then you can go in before each delivery and customize it, adding items you ran out of or doubling up on things you needed more of, as well as eliminating anything you still have on hand. Then the delivery of home basics arrives at your door! It’s a cool service that’s convenient, easy and fun (getting my box of cleaning supplies, toilet paper and soy candles is actually pretty exciting). It’s also saving you the time of driving to the store and it’s better for the environment. Considering the average customer saves about 25 percent off in-store prices, it’s a win-win-win. Learn more about ePantry.
Here at Mother Earth Living, we’re no stranger to amazing natural skin-care products. We’re in the very lucky position to have many wonderful companies regularly send samples our way—so much that it’s hard to ever share all of our favorites in the magazine.
Here are three products currently on my bathroom shelves (or at my office desk) that have become must-haves for my skin.
Iwilla Remedy My Skin Glows Nourishing Cream
This rich, healing cream is light enough for me to use on my face daily, yet also powerful enough to combat skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis and rashes. It’s good for cuts and scrapes, too. This smooth and supple cream is made with a blend of health oils (sweet almond, aloe vera, neem seed and vitamin E) in a shea butter and beeswax base. It also includes skin-healing herbs and soothing essential oils: calendula, bergamot, Roman chamomile and frankincense/myrrh. Every Iwilla products is handmade in Brooklyn. The company is owned by two women dedicated to helping educate people about the power of pure herbal products. They offer private consultations, as well as answering any and all product questions within 24 hours. Learn more.
Everclen Eye Cream
As the parent of a high energy 2-year-old, sometimes I don’t get enough sleep. This means waking up with dark circles under my eyes (they say dark circles aren't caused by lack of sleep, but it certainly seems that way to me!). Our friends at Everclen sent over a sample of their eye cream a few weeks ago, and it’s a morning lifesaver. It’s amazing what a great job it does of alleviating the look of dark circles—a few tiny dabs and a few minutes, and they’re gone! With aloe juice, lavender, green tea extract, and grapeseed and jojoba oils, it’s soothing and firming. After seeing what an amazing job it did, I looked up the ingredients on the EWG’s Skin Deep database—most eye creams that work well are filled with potentially hazardous ingredients such as parabens and petroleum byproducts. This eye cream contains none of the typical skin-care nasties such as parabens, phthalates, petroleum, dyes, SLS and fragrance—not a claim most undereye creams can make. Only a couple of the ingredients looked questionable: dimethicone and phenoxyethanol. Both of these ingredients rank on the low side of the moderate concern level for the EWG (a 3 and a 4 on the 10-point scale), and I asked Everclen about it. Both are used in miniscule amounts to help prevent the product from getting moldy on the shelf. What's more, all of Everclen’s skin-care products have been tested in both clinical trials and by focus groups of women with sensitive skin--in both settings, the products proved safe and non-irritating for sensitive skin. Learn more.
Wild Carrot Herbals Soulshine Rosehip & Raspberry Seed Ambrosial Serum
If you are looking for luxurious natural skin care, this is it. Over the past few years, Wild Carrot Herbals has become one of my absolute favorite personal-care companies. This incredibly rich facial oil is made to maintain plumpness in the skin and to protect and encourage cell regeneration. With rosehip seed oil, organic olive oil infused with elder blossom flowers, vitamin E oil and the essential oils of Turkish rose otto, blood orange and Australian sandalwood, this serum is designed to protect skin from the elements and help it actually regenerate and look younger. It is an absolutely lovely, indulgent product, and it only requires a few tiny drops with each use. I love it. Learn more.