Mother Earth Living

In the Garden

Get down and dirty in the garden

Add to My MSN


Happy January! I would like to talk about National Hot Tea Month before this month comes to an end! Because of my GERD I have had to give up drinking coffee. After replacing my morning beverage of choice with tea, I still have to be careful of caffeine (especially when I drink something that has black tea in it). Herbs in different combinations are appealing, but a single herb in a cup of hot water is often most delicious. If you want to read a good article about making your own tea, read the Mother Earth Living article "Herbal Tea Recipes and Tips" by Tammy Safi.

Herb Tea Cookbooks
These are my three favorite booklets with herb tea recipes.

Because I have an herb garden, I’m always looking for ways to use the herbs I've dried, and tea is the perfect way to use them. I found several blends I like in a booklet by Pat Humpheries and Bertha Reppert called Herb Teas for Pleasure. One of my favorite recipes is The Herbs of Shakespeare Tea.

Shakespearean Tea
Here are the ingredients for a Shakespearean tea: mint, marjoram, savory and lavender.

The Herbs of Shakespeare Tea

Makes about 24 teabags

• 2 cups mint
• 1/2 cup marjoram
• 1/3 cup whole savory leaves
• 1/4 cup lavender flowers

You can make this one of two ways.

1. Combine all of the whole leaves and flowers in a jar with a lid that seals well. Spoon a teaspoon into your cup or mug and steep for 5 minutes.

2. With an herb mill, shred the leaves and flowers, and mix them together. To store the tea for later use, put the blend into self-sealing teabags and put them in a jar. Don’t forget to label the jar with the name and date of the blend.

Rosemary House Tranquilla Tea

Makes about 19 teabags

I also found a Rosemary House Tranquilla Tea in a booklet called Blending Herbal Teas compiled by Tina Sams of The Essential Herbal Magazine that I liked. Here's the recipe. I usually equate 1/4 cup with 1 part. 

• 4 parts peppermint, or 1 cup mint (Spearmint is a bit easier for me to tolerate.)
• 1 part sage, or 1/4 cup sage
• 2 parts rosemary, or 1/2 cup rosemary

You can make the measurements out of whatever you have dried.

Love of Lemon Tea

Lemon Tea 
This Love of Lemon Tea is filled with a lot of citrusy herbs.

Dried lemon verbena is especially perfect for herbal tea. In combination with other lemon herbs—as in this recipe for Love of Lemon Tea—lemon verbena is outstanding, herbally speaking. I found this recipe in the booklet called Beverages with Herb Scents by the Western Reserve Unit of the Herb Society of America. It is described as “a light green in color but never weak, if given plenty of time to steep.”

Makes about 24 teabags

• 1 cup lemon verbena leaves, crushed
• 1 cup lemon balm leaves, crushed
• 1 cup lemon geranium leaves, crushed (I recommend ‘Crispum’ or ‘Rober’s Lemon Rose’.)
• 1 cup lemon thyme leaves, crushed
• 3 tablespoons dried lemon rind curls
• 1 fat tablespoon dried calendula petals

Mix all of the ingredients together and store them in a jar. You could also spoon the blend into self-sealing teabags and place them in a jar for storage. When you make a cup or mug, steep for 4 to 6 minutes.

Packaging Herb Teas
These herbal teas are ready for a very cold day! All photos by Nancy C. Heraud.

DON'T FORGET to label your jars with the name of the tea blend and the date.

It has been so cold here—it is the perfect time for a good book and a cup of herbal tea! What are you doing to keep warm?

Nancy HeraudAs always, if you have a comment or question about any of my posts, please write to me here or my email at and put in the subject line “Herb Comment or Question.” If you could also let me know where you live in the U.S. (or elsewhere), it will help me answer your herb question more precisely. And be sure to visit my blog Lemon Verbena Lady's Herb Garden. Talk to you soon.


It’s only January and I’ve started to feel the itch to garden. It may be too early to start planting, but it's never too early to start planning. Growing your own food is fun and rewarding, but it can also be challenging, especially when you have zero green space like me with my one bedroom apartment. But you can grow a surprising variety of herbs, vegetables and even fruit in containers.

If you need a little inspiration, Pinterest is a great place to start. Here are a few ideas I found for my future apartment garden (and maybe for yours as well).

Apartment Gardening Ideas

1. Pallet Herb Garden from Pink When

Pallet Herb Garden

I just love how organized this herb garden is using a shipping pallet. Although this project may be above my skill level, it doesn’t look impossible with a free weekend and a few borrowed power tools. Plus it could stand parallel to the wall and out of the way on my small porch.

2. Shoe Organizer Garden from Apartment Therapy

Shoe Organizer Garden

Apartment Therapy had so many good ideas for apartment gardening that it was hard to narrow it down to one.  But I found this shoe organizer among the cleverest of ideas—and I happen to already have one on hand. Now I just need to figure out where I could hang it…

3. Spice Rack Garden from A Suburban Gardener

Spice Rack Garden

How cool is this for a container garden? A repurposed kitchen spice rack. It’s easy to set up and I can grow a variety of greens. I imagine it won’t be hard to find one of these, and again, it won’t take up much room on my porch.

4. Simple Planter Ladder from Instructables

Simple Ladder Planter

Last but certainly not least is this simple yet adorable planter ladder. Although this would take up more room on my porch, it is aesthetically pleasing and a great way to keep planters from looking cluttered or blocking each other’s sunlight.

Are you an experienced apartment gardener? I would love to hear from you. Leave your ideas, suggestions and tips in the comment section below.

Victoria Pitcher is Web Editor at Mother Earth Living. Find her on .


It’s that time of year—the time when we get absolutely stumped about what gifts to choose for our family and friends. If you happen to know a gardener who dwells in an apartment and gardens in containers or other small spaces, you’re probably especially stumped on what to give. “Traditional” gardening items probably just won’t work. But there are a few great gift ideas that will make an apartment gardener happy.

Windosill Garden
Photo By Fotolia/monropic

5 Gifts for Gardeners

1. Windowsill Greenhouse
$4.00 - $15.00 each

This is a fantastic gift for seed starters that don’t have the space, or the need, for the larger seed starting trays. Most sets come with a drip tray, seed plug inserts, soil pellets and a clear plastic dome lid. With proper care and indoor use, they can be used for several seasons, making them a gift that really keeps on giving.

2. Coir Bricks
$3.00 - $8.00 each

Never lug giant bags of potting soil up several flights of stairs again! Coir bricks are the ultimate container gardening planting medium. Made from coconut shell fiber, coir is lightweight and compact, making it easy to store until use. Reconstitute the fiber with warm water, and it will expand to five times its packaged volume! That’s more than enough “soil” for a couple of windowsill greenhouses or a few pots. Another bonus? It’s a renewable resource, so it’s easy on the environment.

3. Reusable Grow Bags
$6.00 - $10.00 each

One of the big challenges to gardening in an apartment is where to store bulky pots and containers in the off season. Sure, you can leave them out on your patio or balcony, but they’ll wear out faster if left out in the elements over the winter. Grow bags solve that problem—made from sturdy landscape fabric, they last for many seasons and can be emptied and folded up for storage in a closet or drawer at the end of the year. And the price point is right—at a fraction of the price of traditional containers, you can get enough for an entire garden!

Pruning Shears
Photo By Fotolia/Africa Studio

4. Pruning Shears
$10.00 - $25.00 each

There aren’t a lot of hand tools that container gardeners really need—most of the time, hands are the best tool of all for small-scare gardening tasks. But if there is one tool that the apartment gardener needs, it’s a pair of pruning shears. They’re great for things like pruning tomato plants, snipping bamboo poles in half for trellising, cutting twine, etc. They’re a real work horse in the apartment garden, and would be a gift any gardener would be excited to receive.

5. Mushroom Growing Kit
$20.00 - $40.00 each

If you know an apartment gardener that’s gotten bored of growing the same old things, try a more novel approach and give a mushroom growing kit. They come with everything you need to grow a few batches of mushrooms right indoors, and they’re small enough to fit under the kitchen sink. You can find kits for many different types of mushrooms, including portabella, shiitake and oyster mushrooms.

So don’t delay! There’s still time to pick up the perfect gift for the apartment gardener in your life. Everything mentioned above can be found on Amazon, but most local garden centers of quality should carry them as well. Happy gifting!

Amanda is passionate about cooking, gardening and crafting. To read more, please check out Apartment Farm.


Sometimes, despite our best efforts and intentions, Mother Nature seems to hold a grudge against our gardens. We can begin to feel like Goldilocks, waiting for the “just-right” conditions in which to thrive. Here are some tips on how to thwart the weather and encourage a healthy garden in spite of the elements.

Storms bring standing water that can drown an unprepared garden.


TOO LITTLE: In arid climates, water is precious. In drought conditions, there might be caps on how much water you’re allowed to use in your yard. To reduce water waste, water at night when it’s cool and the sun won’t evaporate it away. Also place your more delicate plants in a shady spot where you’ll see them every day; you’ll notice when they begin to wilt. For your planters, try using coco liners to better retain moisture in the soil.

But if you want to make your yard more amenable to dry spells, try embracing your climate by using native plants, particularly in desert areas like Arizona. One good option is xeriscaping: the practice of gardening using as little water as possible with strategic irrigation. Hardy plants like cacti and creosote do well in dry areas, require little to no irrigation, and can be quite beautiful.

TOO MUCH: Sitting water with nowhere to drain is death to almost any ground-living plant because roots rot when over-saturated. If your yard is in danger of flooding, dig strategic ditches surrounding your garden to give the water somewhere to go. If you have an incline in your yard, try not to plant too much at its base as it will be harder to manage the overflow.

Some gardeners don’t mind going out in the rain. I, myself, like water about as much as the next cat, so I’ve bought some pole-standing tents to put over my walkway and beds seasonally. They protect me and my plants from heavy rains.

Native plants aren't always restrictive. Flowering cacti can bring color to a desert garden.


TOO LITTLE: Particularly in Northern areas, the problem of too little sun may arise. This is fairly easily avoided as there are a multitude of plants, from lilacs to ferns, that really thrive without a ton of direct sunlight. Unfortunately, for some that need more light, your options are limited. Aside from standing with a sun-lamp and extension cord a couple hours a day, you can tactically place your plants in the sunniest parts of your yard, usually away from trees.

TOO MUCH: On the other hand, you might find your plants are getting too much sun. For one thing, those tent-like coverings I mentioned are good for protection from the sun as well as the rain. I prefer using natural cover like trees and taller bushes to shade more delicate specimens because it’s economical and natural-looking. For yourself, be sure you always wear sun-block and a hat to prevent over-exposure!


TOO LITTLE: Winter will be a low point in your garden if you live in a cold climate. But the harm of coldsnaps in fall can be mitigated in a couple of ways. Insulating roots with a thick layer of mulch is a popular approach. To protect what’s above-ground, make mini-greenhouses by covering plants with lightweight fabrics to retain the heat of the day. Also, try focusing your efforts on vegetables like chard and collards, or plants like hostas and azaleas, that tolerate cold well when you know a particularly frosty season is predicted.

TOO MUCH: Related to the sun issue, heat can kill off some plants very quickly. Even out of direct sunlight, the stifling heat of the summer in places like the marshy Southwest can oppress your plants. Your best bet is staying on top of your watering schedule. Your hose water will usually come from your water tanks protected under your home, so it should be cool. You might choose to garden as early in the morning as you can stand in order to avoid the heat. Your hydration is more important than that of your plants, so be mindful about drinking plenty of water.

wind storm
Wind is not a force to be trifled with. Even small storms can blow your garden away!

Too Much Wind

For many homes, wind can produce minimal nuisance. For those that are on hill-tops, though, the wind can pose serious problems by uprooting shallow plants and flattening tall ones. In extreme cases, you might experience Aeolian erosion in which the wind literally carries away your soil. To prevent wind damage, be aware of which winds are prevailing in your area and garden on the opposite side of the house. A westerly gale can’t meddle with your garden if it’s tucked on the eastern side of your home. You can also create your own windbreaks out of landscaping rocks, bushes and retaining walls to shield you and your plants.

So you see, the weather can put a damper on your gardening plans, but you can fight back! That indomitable spirit will serve you well in life, especially in your garden.

Mackenzie KupferMackenzie Kupfer has been a lover of all things green since the age of six when she began gardening with her Nana. She is currently an online publisher for the tomato cage supplier, Avant Garden Decor. In her free time, Mackenzie enjoys attending garden shows, hiking, and collecting ceramic tea sets. 


If you are a friend of feathered visitors, love the diversity of the specimens found in your area, the palette of colors they display and love listening to their melodic sounds, there’s some good news: You have many ways to lure specific fowl into your garden and make them feel at home. Besides setting up bird feeders with the appropriate food and offering water, you can influence their arrival in other ways.

How to Attract Birds to Your Backyard

First, you want to make sure the area you are targeting for the birds is low-traffic so they aren’t constantly disturbed. This means no opening/closing doors and not a lot of walking by. Start by determining what breed of bird you are looking to attract. Each one has its preferences and knowing what they are can help you conclude how to make it more interesting for them to visit you.

willow flycatcher
Willow flycatcher; Photo By Kelly Colgan Azar/Flickr

Tyrant flycatchers, such as the Western Kingbird or the Willow Flycatcher, love plants that attract smaller insects, which they feed off, such as crabapple and Jacob’s ladder. They also love berries. A mulberry tree would be a huge bonus for them. However, they do love seeds as well, so setting up that bird feeder would be sure to get you some quality observation time.

rufous hummingbird
Rufous hummingbird; Photo By Rick Leche/Flickr

If you are more interested in the dainty hummingbirds i.e. Black-chinned Hummingbird, Calliope or Rufous Hummingbird, you should plant Agastache, also known as Firebird. Another hummingbird magnet is the honeysuckle. These are just a few examples of the plants that attract hummingbirds. Setting up a hummingbird feeder in a strategic position, possibly in close proximity to one of these plants, will help to keep them coming back even after the plants have ceased producing nectar.  The good thing about hummingbirds is that they remember where they found food they liked and will be back next year to entertain you.

Bluebird; Photo By Henry McLin/Flickr

Then there are the beloved Bluebirds. They are beautiful to look at and just give you a good feeling. Now that’s the kind of BLUEs we like. They will be grateful for the crabapple and Jacob’s ladder as well. The good thing about them is they actually will nest in man-made nesting boxes. If you make the effort to supply one, you can watch the babies hatch, grow and take flight. Bluebirds usually have two, but can have up to three, broods in a year.  They feed on insects and seeds and if you want to give them a real treat, soak some raisins in water. (Mmh, they love that.)

So you see, there’s nothing to it. Just by planting the right flora and offering the right space you can attract various types of birds. You can also make your own bird feeding mix by adding various nuts (walnuts, pecans, peanuts) and dried fruits (preferably berries) to the mix. This way you are attracting different types of birds, and as they say “the more, the merrier.”  The best thing about it is your “LIVE” entertainment will be giving you encores on a daily basis throughout the year and for years to come.


There are many reasons for living in the city but being close to nature isn’t usually one of them. Parks exist but very few backyards or grassy knolls come with homes, especially those on the 22nd floor of an apartment building.

That’s why adding your own little greenery in the form of a balcony herb garden can make all the difference.

balcony herb garden
Photo By Suzette Pauwels/Flickr

Why Herbs?

While there are many types of plants to choose from, herbs can last throughout the year and aren’t just nice to look at but have many uses and benefits that make them all the more appealing. For instance:

Scent: Most herbs have distinct scents, which makes them easily recognizable. When essential oils are extracted from various herbs and applied to skin their aromas can be healing and energizing. Theses scents can also naturally ward off unwanted insects, so using their oils can be beneficial when going for a walk in the evening when it’s prime mosquito time.

Taste: Herbs play a major role in giving food such great flavor, so having a variety of fresh ones to choose from just a few steps away can make exploring culinary interests that much easier. Also, it feels great to know you’ve cooked with your own herbs.

Convenience: When you're in the middle of cooking and herbs are growing on the balcony, picking a few leaves or branches is more convenient than running down to the local market.

Savings: Herbs often cost several dollars for a small package or bushel that rarely gets used up. Growing your own means cutting down the weekly budget and only picking what you need.

Low-maintenance: Herbs require minimal care and won’t suffer from insect infestations because most pests dislike them. While each has different needs, give them a little water and sun and they’ll be fine.

Medicinal benefits: Herbs have medicinal qualities and can help treat many illnesses from stomach viruses to cuts and headaches.

Choosing Herbs for Your Balcony Herb Garden

When choosing herbs try starting with familiar ones such as parsley, sage, basil, rosemary, thyme and perhaps lavender. Their familiarity will give you opportunities to actually use them and then branch out to others.

As for care, some need to be fed more than others so do a little research before treating them all equally, and when you water them know that like many other plants herbs don’t like their leaves wet, so aim for their base near the roots.

Also, depending on the climate you live in, some herbs can withstand harsh winters and others can’t, so learn which ones suit your region best and keep a little space available inside for those you may want to protect when the cooler air moves in.

Note: In most cases starting herbs from scratch can be timely as many seeds take more than a month to germinate and show signs of life. Instead, buying already sprouted seedlings is probably more beneficial and will get the balcony herb garden going faster.

Starting with Containers

After you’ve decided which herbs to grow and how many of each you want, the next decision is finding the right containers to fit the space. After all, the balcony still needs to remain comfortable to sit in without feeling cramped, so whatever space is available you’ll want to use wisely.

One consideration is making sure containers are secured to the balcony so the safety of anyone passing below isn’t compromised. For instance, if placed on the floor, make sure containers are not too close to the ledge where they could get pushed over easily; that if hung from the ceiling or wall, the mechanism they hang from is fastened tightly into the building; and if attached to the railing, make sure it’s strong enough to hold all the weight.

Furthermore, if you’re interested in hanging pots but not sure how to properly secure them, find a trusted handyman who can do it for you. Just make sure the landlord or building will allow these minor cosmetic changes.

Finally, once a decision has been made on the container’s size and placement, they can either be purchased at local home improvement stores, found at neighborhood moving sales, or made by reusing empty containers from food or other items. Buying herbs already in permanent containers is an option but more expensive than getting a few from a nursery and transplanting them later.

Jakob Barry is a green living journalist for From landscapers to flooring contractors Networx simplifies the process of locating a reliable professional.


Outside our front doors are two enormous overgrown shrubs. Thirty or so years ago I am sure they were tiny, lovely and added a splash of green to the front of the house. Unfortunately, now they are severely overgrown and threatening to engulf our front steps. Our plan is to remove them this summer or fall as time and budget permits.

Last year, one of the first things we did when we moved in was remove a similar shrub that was mugging our mailbox. Let me tell you, that plant did not want to go gently into the night. It certainly didn’t help that the only tool we had was a handsaw. I bet whoever planted that shrub never imagined it would someday grow big enough to block the mailbox five feet away. 

We are all guilty of buying a plant and putting it in the wrong spot. Sometimes, we know it is the wrong spot, but perhaps we need just a spot of color for that particular growing season and we don’t mind if the plant doesn’t make it. The problem arises when we plant a shrub or plant in the wrong spot and it flourishes, reaching its full growing potential. Sometimes, a plant ends up in the wrong location because we chose not to believe the growth information. How could that cute little two-foot shrub that would look lovely right by the driveway ever grow to be a six-foot monster with a 36-inch spread that blocks our view of oncoming traffic? Worse is when the plant is mislabeled or not labeled at all. Who among us hasn’t bought or received a “mystery” plant and popped it in the ground only to find out later it is destined to be as big as the Titanic?

At our first house I bought three small lovely arctic willows for the front of our house. Nowhere on the label did it say they were fast growing, but I did ignore the growth information. Year one, the shrubs were lovely. Year two found me out in the yard after I’d put my children to bed, hacking out the now five-foot-tall, two-foot-wide shrubs before they completely obscured the basement windows and sent their roots tunneling into the foundation.

Just remember that while the growth information is for ideal conditions, it is entirely possible that your two-foot-tall arbor vitae will attain its fully-grown height of seven feet. Yes, it will be 30 years later, but that’s what gardening is about—the long term.

Jennifer FlatenJennifer happily gardens away in Wisconsin where she lives with her family. When not gardening Jennifer is a freelance writer and jewelry designer. Browse her jewelry at Etsy or visit her website Dragon and Butterfly Design. 

Subscribe today and save 58%

First Name: *
Last Name: *
Address: *
City: *
State/Province: *
Zip/Postal Code:*
(* indicates a required item)
Canadian subs: 1 year, (includes postage & GST). Foreign subs: 1 year, . U.S. funds.
Canadian Subscribers - Click Here
Non US and Canadian Subscribers - Click Here

Subscribe to Mother Earth Living!

Welcome to Mother Earth Living, the authority on green lifestyle and design. Each issue of Mother Earth Living features advice to create naturally healthy and nontoxic homes for yourself and your loved ones. With Mother Earth Living by your side, you’ll discover all the best and latest information you want on choosing natural remedies and practicing preventive medicine; cooking with a nutritious and whole-food focus; creating a nontoxic home; and gardening for food, wellness and enjoyment. Subscribe to Mother Earth Living today to get inspired on the art of living wisely and living well.

Save Money & a Few Trees!

Pay now with a credit card and take advantage of our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. You’ll save an additional $5 and get six issues of Mother Earth Living for just $14.95! (Offer valid only in the U.S.)

Or, choose Bill Me and pay just $19.95.