In the Garden
Get down and dirty in the garden

Beginner’s Tips for Greenhouse Growing

Do you like the idea of growing your own organic produce all year? Or perhaps you want to save money on plant buying or have more hours to potter away amidst greenery every week? No matter your reasons for installing a greenhouse, you will find plenty of benefits to be had from this particular type of gardening.

However, if you’re new to buying and using a greenhouse, you might be scratching your head, wondering how to go about the process of gardening via this type of structure effectively. Don’t worry, there are plenty of things you can do to make your project a success.

home greenhouse growing
Photo by Shutterstock/Jeanie333.

Choose the Most Appropriate Greenhouse

The first step in greenhouse growing is to decide which greenhouse you’d like to use. Because everyone has different needs and goals when it comes to gardening, it is necessary to think about what is important to you. There are all sorts of designs and styles to choose from these days, from traditional to modern options, and something for every budget. You might be keen to buy a greenhouse kit from an established vendor, for instance, or you may prefer to splurge on a custom-designed product made just for you.

No matter your tastes or budget, start by contemplating your gardening interests. For example, someone who wants to grow a lot of fresh produce will have different requirements than a person focused on cacti and succulents. To choose the perfect greenhouse, cater to the needs of the particular types of plants you want to grow. Consider elements such as insulation, heating, humidifying, dehumidifying, artificial lighting, and ventilation.

When it comes to purchasing a greenhouse, try to find one that is modular or that has an easily movable internal infrastructure. This way, you can make adjustments to the layout as your plants go through different life cycles and/or as you start to grow more. A flexible greenhouse will be scalable and more suitable for your needs over the long term.

Something else to consider is whether you want a free-standing, walk-in greenhouse with four sides (or more if you choose a geodesic dome style) and one or more doors, which can be erected in any spot; or a lean-to product which will be positioned against a building or wall.

Consider the type of glazing you want on your greenhouse, too. Typically, there is either glass (this can be standard, which will break into sharp points if broken, or safety glass which will shatter more like a windscreen), or polycarbonate. The latter glazing won’t break, so could be a better option if you have children in your household who might send balls flying around the yard regularly.

Select the Right Site for Your Greenhouse

Once you have chosen a greenhouse, it’s time to find the best site for it. Keep in mind that the optimum location is one that gets plenty of sunlight on every side. Steer clear of placing your greenhouse near large trees or structures, too (think buildings, walls, hedges, and fences), as these can cast too many shadows.

You also need to place your greenhouse on a firm foundation if it is not one that goes directly over the soil. You will want to use something solid and well-built, made of a material such as brick, concrete, recycled plastic lumber, or timber. Think about the likely maintenance, moisture, and rotting risks when you select this component.

woman caring for plants in greenhouse
Photo by Shutterstock/Dean Drobot.

Keep Pests Out

Some people think greenhouses are the perfect way to keep pests out. Unfortunately, though, they can actually end up being a breeding ground for plant pests such as leafminers, mealybugs, aphids, fungus gnats, thrips, and spider mites.

While a greenhouse will never be 100 percent pest free, there are some things you can do to reduce the risks of infestations. For starters, when you buy woody plants, particularly things like gardenias, always check to ensure they’re clear of pests before you introduce them to your greenhouse.

It helps to place newly-purchased plants into an area within the space that’s slightly quarantined, because non-flying pests won’t be so likely to spread around your greenhouse garden. It is also beneficial to bring in some biological pest controls to keep undesirable insects in check. You could use ladybugs, for instance, to fight against a problem with aphids.

Clean and Maintain Your Greenhouse

Lastly, your greenhouse growing will proceed better if you remember to keep the space clean, tidy and well-maintained. Wipe down surfaces occasionally with a natural cleaner such as vinegar, as this helps to keep bacteria, insect eggs, and spores at bay.

In addition, it’s good practice to do a thorough emptying out and cleaning at least once a year, generally in summer. Remove everything from the greenhouse so that lingering insects will leave after the enclosure has dried out and been emptied, and do a scrub down of the entire space. This will not only help your plants, but also keep the glass and framing of the greenhouse in better condition.


Jackie is a content coordinator and contributor that creates quality articles for topics like technology, business, home life, and education. She studied business management and is continually building positive relationships with other publishers and the internet community. 

4 Plants to Use for a Privacy Fence

You just love sitting on your front porch, except it would be so much better if you didn’t have to watch your neighbor wave at you in his underwear while taking the trash out. And, you would probably hold more gatherings at your house if everyone in the neighborhood couldn’t see into your backyard.

Why bother with wooden stakes when nature can do the work for you? Building a privacy wall of living plants is wonderful for the environment and will look so much better than a high fence. To get you started, here are a few ideas to consider when thinking about your new privacy wall.

small evergreen trees along fence
Photo by Adobe Stock/andrey gonchar.

Evergreen Trees

The best thing about evergreens? You get year-round coverage!

Evergreen trees and shrubs are great choices if your focus is privacy. In addition to staying green through the winter months, evergreens are beautiful, thick, resilient plants. Caring for your evergreens is simple and easy to do, too.

Investing in big plants up-front is worth it. It is better to plant fewer, already established trees versus overcrowding your yard with too many saplings. When designing your hedge, it is important to leave enough space between planting sites for your trees to grow to their full size. This will prevent overcrowding and ensure that your plants’ root systems don’t interfere with one another.

Shrubbery

Perhaps the broadest subcategory ever since there are so many options and varieties to choose from in this department! No matter which you fancy, there is a shrub that will fit your bill.

Even if you know what you want, choosing the perfect shrub for your wall can be an overwhelming task. Evaluating what you want out of your living privacy fence can play a huge part in your decision. If you’re looking for optimal coverage, choosing a plant that will grow tall and stay green year round, such as holly or privet, will serve you best. However, if your ambitions are a bit more decorative, colorful shrubbery like forsythia or easily-shaped bushes like boxwood might suit you more.

ivy, bamboo and shrubbery privacy fence
Photo by Adobe Stock/Delphotostock.

Bamboo

What's a backyard without wind chimes, a Buddha statue and a privacy wall of bamboo? If you’re into exotic culture, bamboo could be perfect for you—and if you aren’t, it still could be.

Nothing says beauty like a thicket of bamboo stalks. Because bamboo spreads in thick clusters relatively quickly, it makes for the perfect privacy wall. It’s important to consider your location before planting bamboo, however, in order ensure its longevity and effectiveness as a privacy fence. If you think bamboo can only grow in warm climates, you are—fortunately—incorrect! Living in a colder place shouldn’t stop you from planting the best looking privacy wall in the neighborhood.

There are several different species of bamboo to choose from, so doing your research before planting is worth it! No matter what variety you have, this beautiful plant is in general resilient and fast growing.

Ivy

Creeping, crawling, elegant and resilient, ivy is a no-brainer. If you already have a wooden fence around your yard and are looking for something to add just a bit more coverage and decoration, this sprawling plant is for you. Or, if you’re looking to screen in a smaller area, like a back porch, ivy provides shade if grown near an overhang, decor on a white brick wall, and makes for the perfect topiary.

Ivy care and maintenance couldn’t be easier. During its first year, ivy doesn’t grow as rapidly as it does once it is well established. But in year two, after adjusting to its new home, ivy spreads and sprawls in leaps and bounds, rarely requires fertilizer, and benefits from the occasional watering.

How to Start a Container Garden with Your Kids

Spring means it’s time to start a garden! New plants are popping up all over. In most parts of the country, the frost warnings are fewer and farther between. If you live somewhere with a shorter growing season, it might be worth getting a garden started. Most garden centers and even grocery stores are stocking outdoor plants, and seed displays have been out even longer.

Planning or planting your garden is a great opportunity to try getting your kids involved. They might not want to till the soil or weed your growing space, but depending on their age, you can get them interested in gardening and planting on a smaller scale. One way to do this is to start a container garden with your children. You can start growing almost anything in a small pot, and some plants will live the whole season happily in a container. To start a container garden with your kids, all you need are a container, a plant or seed and some quality potting or garden soil.

girl watering plants balcony
Photo by Adobe Stock/annanahabed.

Suitable Containers

People who landscape and garden regularly are usually awash with flowerpots and plastic seedling trays. These work well for container gardening. Pick out attractive pots or containers your child likes. Have them put their names on the pots and label what they are growing. If you don’t have flowerpots and containers lying around, you can purchase some, or use a number of other items.

Peat Pots
Peat pots are biodegradable flower pots made out of peat moss. They are normally used to start a plant, and aren’t meant to last as a permanent vessel. But they are quite sturdy and should endure weeks of watering before they deteriorate. When the plant is ready to go into the garden, you simply plant the whole pot, making sure to match the soil level of the plant with the garden. The roots of your plant will grow right through the peat pot.The pot will disintegrate and provide nutrients for the plant and the garden as it does so.

Hanging Wall Planters
Even if you don’t have a garden, you can hang one from your fence or wall. Hanging garden planters can be made with cloth or by stringing together selected containers. Look online for other options. Fill the pockets about three-quarters of the way with soil, then add your seeds or plants. The whole group can be easily watered all at once with a spray from the hose. These can dry out more quickly than plants in a garden, so check them more often. Once the plants grow, you will have a wall of color and fragrances.

Repurposed Consumer Items
You can incorporate “reduce reuse, recycle” into your gardening as well. Milk cartons, both plastic and cardboard, make great flower pots. Egg cartons are also perfect for starting seeds. You can make garden containers with almost anything — plastic soda bottles, folded newspaper, steel cans, even eggshells. Just make sure there are holes in the bottom of your container to ensure proper drainage.

Safety Tips

Kids don’t usually eat plants, but they may be tempted to eat seeds, especially attractive sunflower seeds they may have tried before. Make sure your children are aware that these seeds are to be grown, not eaten. Most seeds will just be a choking hazard and likely wouldn’t cause any harm. However, some seeds are quite toxic, even those you might not expect, like apple and apricot.

Have your children wear gloves when gardening.This will help keep dirt from getting under their nails, and will reduce the risk of them ingesting harmful bacteria. Kid gardening gloves come in many colors and even have cartoon characters on them. Gardening also creates another opportunity to practice good hand washing with your kids when you are done for the day.

As always, when you are out in the sun, take precautions to avoid sunburn. A little sun is a great source of Vitamin D, but too much sun can cause painful burns and increase the risk of skin cancer. Use sunscreen and have your child wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses.

Plants They’ll Enjoy

Now that we’ve picked out our containers and have discussed some safety tips, it’s time to pick out our plants. Which plants are best for your children? Which ones will keep their attention? There are many suitable plants and flowers your children will enjoy. Here are a few good ones.

Herbs
Herbs are easy and hardy. They can grow in small containers and won’t have to be transplanted if you can’t or don’t want to. Herbs are not only fragrant and beautiful,you can eat them, too! Children will love mint. Also try basil, which comes in a few varieties, even in purple! Rosemary has tiny little finger leaves which can be plucked, bent and sniffed with delight. You can also cut herbs and use them to add homegrown flavor to your meals. The plants will regrow and stay full throughout the season. You can even plant three or four different herbs in the same pot to create a miniature herb garden. Encourage your children to smell and taste them all and see which ones they like best.

Sunflowers
Sunflowers are fun to grow from seeds. They sprout within a week and grow rapidly. Sunflowers come in many different colors, varieties and sizes. Check the seed packet to see which varieties can live in a container. Smaller varieties will do fine in a container, but some reach heights of 12 to 16 feet and will need more space! Sunflowers produce large flowers with edible seeds you can roast and eat with your children. You and your family can enjoy watching the birds and squirrels getting their share as well. If you have room, plant sunflowers in a circle to provide an entertaining play area for your children.

Tomatoes
Kids love to eat tiny, sweet grape tomatoes. They are ideal for container planting, though they will need a bigger pot than your herbs. You can plant seeds in a peat pot, but tomatoes are usually sold as plants. Grape tomato plants don’t need much room, but ideally, you want a container to be no smaller than 12 by 12 inches in order to produce a healthy plant and fruit.

Flowers
Have your child pick out some flower seeds in a store. These are packaged in little envelopes with an attractive picture of the flower in full bloom. Your child may be disappointed when they open the envelope and see only tiny black seeds. However, this is a good opportunity to explain to them that the tiny seeds need proper care — soil, water, sunlight and regular watering — in order to bloom into what the package shows. If your flowers grow successfully, you may want to transplant them into a bigger pot, but most flowers can live their life in the container you plant them in.

These are just a few suggestions and ideas. You can discover more of your own as you consider all the containers and plants available. Maybe you want flowers to attract hummingbirds, or a hanging garden which can produce an entire salad. Your children will start noticing plants more and will come up with more ideas. Have fun planting and gardening. May your harvest be bountiful!

4 Ways to Take Spring Cleaning Outdoors

Garden

Photo by Adobe Stock/THPStock

Spring means it’s time to tie up the hammock and enjoy warm evenings after getting your hands dirty in the garden. There’s a lot to love about spring, but spring cleaning can keep you stuck indoors, combatting clutter and completing random home maintenance projects.

Get outside and get your green on with outdoor spring cleaning, because you’ve been hibernating a season too long. After the wet part of spring has passed, it’s the perfect time to get out in mild temperatures and cut back old growth, clear debris and make your yard hammock hangout-ready.

1. Cutting Back Growth and Nurturing Plants

Get your sharpest clippers ready and rev up your lawn mower, because it’s time cut back the old growth.

• Cut grass down to within a few inches of the dirt.
• Strip away old vines threatening to overtake trees.
• Prune roses and shrubs.
• Cut back yellow and decaying bits of plants, and transplant seedlings as soon as possible after sprouting.
• Add new fertilizer and mulch to nurture plants.

If you want to avoid chemicals, use essential oils and other natural sprays to fight stubborn weeds that block plant growth, saving a few dandelions and other beneficial weeds for the bees and butterflies. Clove and cinnamon essential oils are great for fighting stubborn weeds, as is household vinegar.

2. Clearing General Debris

Rake old twigs and dead leaves, but don’t bag them up for the garbage — save them for composting to make a healthy plant fertilizer. An alternative is to research local collection agencies that pick up dead leaves to make fertilizer for area gardeners. Cleaning up old plant matter gives grass and seeds access to much-needed sunlight.

Was there a recent storm? Clear away blown trash and other debris, like old patio furniture or worn kids’ toys. Now is the time to get rid of objects that aren’t necessary or useful in your outdoor space and that end up being chased as debris.

3. Tackling Tree Trimming, Disease and Removal

Shears may do for pruning smaller branches, but larger issues with trees are dangerous for you to tackle on your own. Some structural defects in trees are hard to detect because they occur in the roots or inside the tree. It’s important to know when to call experts for tree removal or remediation of disease. Look for signs of decay and disease in your trees.

• Mushrooms at the tree base or roots point to internal decay.
• Fruiting bodies over the surface of the tree indicate sapwood rot, which means the tree’s interior could be dead. Basal rot also takes place at the base, or lower trunk, of the tree.
• When you see carpenter ants on a tree, they are often making a home out of a tree that’s decaying.
• Structural decay of tree roots develops from the bottom to the top, and signs aren’t always visible.

4. Landscaping Plans and Tool Organization

Spring is also a time to envision new landscaping. Do you want to create a labyrinth, make mosaic stepping stones leading to your garden or add a tire swing to a big oak tree?

Finally, after you have finished your projects, organize your tools. What do you have duplicates of, and what do you never use? Clean off the gunk and shine your tools up.

Soon, you’ll be ready to host epic barbecues and spend time in your hammock to look up at the stars. Spring cleaning isn’t just for the indoors. Take sheer joy in shearing the old growth away to reveal a beautiful outdoor oasis.

4 Rare Herbs to Add to Your Garden

Before hospitals, clinics or doctors were available to everyone, herbs were an important part of peoples’ lives. As time progressed, many medicinal herbs were used for their culinary properties to add flavor. Although you can find plenty of herbs, fresh and dried, in most grocery stores, growing your own herbs is much more satisfying, economical and will guarantee their freshness.

herb box
Photo by Suzette via
Flickr.

Herbs are easy-to-grow and can be thrive in containers if you have limited space. When selecting which herbs to plant in your garden, always consider your needs and what your family will use the most. If you already know your most-used herbs, try incorporating some of these harder-to-find, rare herbs into your garden design to add beauty and more variety.

lemongrass
Photo courtesy
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds.

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates)

Native to India and Sri Lanka, lemongrass grows in dense clumps that can be up to 6 feet tall. Often used in Asian cuisine, this herb can also be used to reduce fevers, relieve cold symptoms and soothe upset stomachs. This nutrient-laden herb’s main compound, lemonal/citral, is a powerful anti-fungal and antimicrobial agent.

common rue
Photo courtesy
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds.

Rue (Ruta graveolens)

Primarily grown as an ornamental addition to the garden due to possible internal toxicity and contact dermatitis, rue has a long history of culinary and medicinal use. Today, it can still be found as an ingredient in a variety of processed foods.

lovage plant
Photo courtesy
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds.

Lovage (Levisticum officinale)

Lovage is a hardy perennial in the parsley family that’s easy to grow with little attention – perfect for those who aren’t fond of needy plants. The roots, leaves and seeds can be used medicinally as a diuretic to treat stomach disorders, such as bloating, gas or expelling waste.

Szechuan buttons
Photo courtesy
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds.

Toothache Plant (Spilanthes acmella)

Toothache plant, also known as Szechuan buttons, is a low-growing plant that blooms through summer and fall. Native to Brazil, it can also be found in South America, Africa and Asia as a flavoring agent and to relieve oral pain.

What are your favorite not-so-common herbs to grow? Let us know in the comments below!

Cultivating Compost

Countertop Compost Crock

1. Colorful Crockery

Compost in style with an earthenware countertop crock. Charcoal filters eliminate odors, and compostable liner bags mean you can drop contents straight into your outdoor pile

To Buy:  $40 (crock only), plowhearth.com

Compost Chimney

2. Direct Service

Provide nutrition to your whole garden with ease with the Compost Chimney. Partially bury it in the ground, then simply add food scraps — no turning required.

To Buy:  $45, etsy.com/shop/farmerjaysshop

Indoor Bokashi Composter

3. Quick & Dirty

This indoor composter uses Bokashi, a natural compost starter, to speed the breakdown process. A strainer and spigot separate waste from liquid, creating compost and liquid fertilizer.

To Buy:  $55, uncommongoods.com 

Compost Seive

4. Sort It Out

Get fine, lump-free compost with this steel-mesh sieve, which can also help shake out plant bulbs for storage or remove rocks from potting soil.

To Buy:  $20, gardenersedge.com (select “garden tools,” then “harvesting tools”)

Worm Farm

5. Workin’ Worms

Let your whole family explore the science of vermiculture with this sleek and practical worm farm composter. Add up to a half-pound of scraps a day, and let the worms do the rest.

To Buy:  $139, gardeners.com

Successfully Starting Seeds Indoors


Photo by Fotolia

Gardening from seed has several benefits. When you garden from seed, you have more varieties available to you, you know what’s going into your food because you are growing it, and you’ll save money by purchasing seeds rather than plants.

Why start seeds indoors?

Some varieties are best started indoors because you have more control over the growing conditions. Starting seeds indoors extends your gardening season, allowing you to grow varieties that require longer growing times than your area’s natural growing season allows. In the case of perennial flowers, an early start can reap first year blooms.

When is the correct time to start my seeds indoors?

Botanical Interests uses the average last frost date—identified as the first day in spring when there is less than a 50 percent chance a frost will occur—as a guideline for when to sow seed. It’s also helpful to know your average first frost date in the fall so you can determine the number of days in your growing season, as well as plan your summer and fall sowings.

How do I start my seeds indoors?

Containers and trays: Almost any container can be used to start seeds including milk or egg cartons, yogurt cups, or plastic trays. When reusing any container, it should be clean and sanitized, and have holes in the bottom that allow excess water to drain. For easy transplanting, try sowing seed in a biodegradable paperboard, paper or pulp pot that can be planted directly into the garden.

Labeling: Don’t forget to label as you sow. Garden stakes, craft sticks or writing directly on pots using paint marker all work well.

Media: A high-quality seed-starting mix (media) is loose and lightweight, holds moisture, and is free from sticks and bark. Avoid potting soil mixes, which can be too heavy for tiny seeds, or soil from your garden, which may introduce insects, weeds or diseases. Thoroughly moisten media before filling your container.

Moisture: Covering your containers with a clear lid or clear plastic wrap helps retain moisture and increase humidity during germination. After seedlings emerge, remove the cover. Misting using a spray bottle or bottom watering (adding water to the drainage tray) are great ways to keep growing media moist without disturbing seeds and young seedlings. Check moisture regularly to prevent seeds and seedlings from drying out or from sitting in standing water.

Temperature: Optimal media temperatures for seeds to germinate will vary for each variety. Once the seeds germinate, room temperatures of 70 to 75 degrees will help most seedlings grow best. Warm season plants such as tomatoes, eggplants and peppers appreciate warmer soil conditions and may benefit from the use of a seedling heat mat when sown indoors.

Light: For best growth, seedlings need at least 14 hours of light per day. Even your sunniest window likely will not supply enough light to grow strong plants. For an efficient and inexpensive option that provides adequate light, we recommend using a shop light with cool or a mix of cool and warm fluorescent bulbs placed 1 to 2 inches above seedlings. To make it easier, plug your lights into a timer set to turn on and off automatically.

Circulation: Air circulation around seedlings can help prevent disease problems while strengthening seedlings. A fan on low setting will create adequate airflow. Avoid aiming the fan directly at the soil as it can cause rapid drying.

Fertilizer: If your seed starting mix does not contain nutrients, add a diluted amount of slow-release, organic, balanced fertilizer to the media or use a liquid formula once seedlings have true leaves. “Balanced” fertilizers have equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, represented on packaging respectively as numbers with dashes between (e.g. 20-20-20). Check the label for instructions on diluting the fertilizer, and the recommended frequency and rate to mix for seedlings and transplants.

Hardening off: “Hardening off” is the 7- to 10-day process of acclimating indoor seedlings to outdoor conditions. The hardening-off process reduces transplant stress and the chance of sunburn, which both negatively impact overall performance and yield. Start by placing plants in a protected, shady area, progressing to more sun  each day (for sun-loving varieties) over the 7 to 10 days. Be sure to bring plants in at night if temperatures drop below 45 degrees. After 7 to 10 days, plants will be ready for transplanting. Before transplanting, consider fertilizing with seaweed or kelp to further reduce transplant stress. Transplant on a calm, cloudy day, in the evening, or use row covers to buffer wind, sun and temperature swings. Most warm season plants perform best when transplanted in soils over 45 degrees.

Gardening from seed is very rewarding. On the inside of every Botanical Interests seed packet you will find the best growing conditions for the variety. They provide information about special care, organic gardening methods, and tips to improve your garden throughout the seasons. Use Botanical Interests' garden journal templates and lists to help you keep track of which seeds you started and when. By following these guidelines and keeping a journal, all that’s left to do is watch your seeds grow into productive and healthy plants!