Your Quilt Garden Patches

Let this chart of popular crops guide you in selecting planting patches throughout the year. The times to maturity listed are estimates. I’ve included tips on whether to transplant or direct sow, but in some cases, you can make either work. 

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Plant a Patchwork Garden

Rotating Crops

How to Plant

Time to Maturity

Seasonality

Arugula Transplant if possible; otherwise direct sow

20 to 25 days from transplant; 30 to 40 days if direct sown

Best in spring and fall
Beets Transplant if possible; otherwise direct sow

35 to 50 days from transplant; 50 to 70 days if direct sown

Common in spring and fall, but will grow all year in many regions

Broccoli Transplant
55 to 70 days from transplant

Common in spring and fall, but try a heat-resistant variety in summer, too

Cabbage Transplant 50 to 70 days from transplant

Common in spring and fall, but try a heat-resistant variety in summer, too

Carrots Direct sow 50 to 75 days

Common in spring and fall, but will grow all year in many regions

Cauliflower Transplant
60 to 70 days from transplant

Common in spring and fall, but try a heat-resistant variety in summer, too

Collard greens Transplant
55 to 65 days from transplant

Common in spring and fall, but will grow all year in areas with mild summers; can be harvested in snow

Garlic Direct seed individually Overwinter

Plant in September or October and harvest the following summer

Kale Transplant
50 to 60 days from transplant

Common in spring and fall, but will grow all year in areas with mild summers; can be harvested in snow

Lettuce Transplant if possible; otherwise direct sow

20 to 40 days from transplant; 30 to 50 days if direct sown

Common in spring and fall, but try a bolt-resistant variety in summer, too

New potatoes Plant seed potatoes About 65 days Plant in early spring
Peas (snow, snap and shell) Transplant if possible; otherwise direct sow

35 to 45 days from transplant; 50 to 60 days if direct sown

Plant in early spring and try a fall planting as well
Radishes Direct sow 22 days Best in spring and fall
Salad mixes Direct sow 30 days Best in spring/fall; try warm-weather mix in summer
Spinach Transplant if possible; otherwise direct sow

25 to 35 days from transplant; 40 to 50 days if direct sown

Common in spring and fall, but try a bolt-resistant variety in summer, too; can be harvested in snow

Swiss chard Transplant
35 to 45 days from transplant

Common in spring and fall, but will grow all year in regions with mild summers

Fixed Crops How to Plant Time to Maturity Seasonality
Eggplant Transplant
50 to 80 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost
Flowers Transplant
Variable Plant in spring and leave until frost
Green beans Transplant if possible; otherwise direct sow

45 days from transplant; 60 days if direct sown

Succession sow from spring through summer and leave until frost

Herbs Transplant
Variable Plant in late spring and leave until frost
Onions Transplant
85 to 115 days from transplant Plant in spring and harvest in late summer
Peppers Transplant
65 to 85 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost
Potatoes (full-season) Plant seed potatoes 90 to 110 days  Plant in early spring and harvest as plants die back
Zucchini Transplant
30 to 45 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost

Canopy Crops

How to Plant

Time to Maturity

Seasonality

Cucumbers Transplant
40 to 55 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost
Melons Transplant
65 to 80 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost
Pumpkins/winter squash Transplant
65 to 100 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost
Sweet corn Direct sow 70 to 90 days Succession sow in blocks in spring/early summer
Tomatoes Transplant
55 to 90 days from transplant Plant in late spring and leave until frost

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